Kidney Disease and Condition Management

The kidneys are a pair of organs shaped like kidney beans that lie on either side of the spine just above the waist. Each kidney is about the size of a fist. Attached to the top of each kidney is an adrenal gland. A mass of fatty tissue and an outer layer of fibrous tissue (Gerota's fascia) enclose the kidneys and adrenal glands. Inside each kidney are tiny tubes (tubules) that filter and clean the blood, taking out the waste products and making urine. The urine that is made by the kidney passes through two tubes called the ureters into the bladder.

The kidneys also make substances that help control blood pressure and the production of red blood cells.

Diseases & Conditions